Nigeria – South Africa: Lets end our unhealthy rivalry – Buhari to Ramaphosa

President Muhammadu Buhari has called for an end to the unhealthy rivalry between Nigeria and South Africa.


Buhari said what was important was for the two foremost economies in Africa to strengthen “people-to-people” relationship for their own good and that of the entire continent.


The President spoke when he received his South African counterpart Cyril Ramaphosa at the State House, Abuja yesterday. Ramaphosa was in Nigeria for the 10th Session of Nigeria-South Africa Bi-National Commission (BNC).

Buhari reiterated Nigeria’s commitment to improving a “special relationship’’ with South Africa for the benefit of Africa especially in the areas of education, science, trade and investment, tourism, and security.


The Nigerian leader said: “Mr. President, permit me to state that some of the challenges identified during the last Bi-National Commission (BNC) have not been completely addressed.

“We need to ensure that our people-to-people relations are enhanced to a point where there would be no need for unhealthy competition.

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“In this regard, we need improvement in educational and scientific cooperation, mines and energy resources, transport and aviation, tourism, youth exchange programmes, trade, and investment and military cooperation, to mention but a few.”


Buhari also told ministers and government delegates of both countries that a strong bond of brotherhood between Nigeria and South Africa would be a catalyst for economic, technological, social, and cultural development, peace, and security in the continent.


He said it was fulfilling that despite all the challenges posed by COVID-19, the BNC was still holding on schedule.

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“It is also gratifying to observe that this has been brought about by the dogged commitment of senior officials from our countries.


“Similarly, discussions are ongoing on new and important areas of cooperation between our two countries.”


He also remarked that the agreement on Early Warning Mechanism would “improve the people-to-people’  relations of our two countries.


The President commended Ramaphosa for initiating the Nigeria – South Africa Youth Dialogue which he ( Buhari) also endorsed.


He said: “I hope that beyond being a vehicle for mutual learning and understanding by our youth, it would also foster the kindred spirit of humanity towards others as prescribed in the great South African traditional philosophy of Ubuntu.


“That would lay a solid foundation for the realization of the Africa that we want.”


Both presidents, also  launched the Nigeria-South Africa Youth Dialogue for Peace and Security, Youth Development and Political Participation.


Speaking to the youth virtually, Buhari said he was optimistic that the initiative would promote peace building and development as well as help both countries to jointly combat youth restiveness.


The Nigerian leader noted that the dialogue would enable both countries to strategically develop “a vast world of collaboration in areas of science and technology,” including climate change, energy demands, green technology, artificial intelligence, cyber security, telematics, agriculture, technology and much more.

He stated, ”Nigeria and South Africa have a combined population of about 262 million, of which 95 million are youth. This represents tremendous potential for both countries if we can truly harness this demographic with more dedicated action.


“This sizable youth population may also represent significant problems if we fail to maximise their potential in a world that globalisation and technology are reshaping at breakneck speed.


”These are the rationale for proposing this Youth Dialogue. Both countries need more educated youth, more skilled youth, more youth in entrepreneurship, more solution providers, and peacekeepers and more patriotic youth.


“It is true that our youth already collaborate, especially in the creative arts, sharing our rich cultures. We will build upon this, especially in the framework of the intra- African trade expansion we intend to promote through the African Continental Free Trade Agreement.”


The Nigerian leader said strategic and committed collaborations in science and technology and many other areas would provide both countries with solutions and critical intellectual property to unleash economic outcomes for the creation of millions of jobs.


Speaking at a joint press conference after the bilateral talks, Buhari described Ramaphosa’s visit as successful, despite the scare generated by the new Omicron COVID-19 variant.


He said, “Despite the scare generated by the new COVID-19 variant, we have been able to hold successful meetings, while observing strict COVID-19 protocols, through fraternal cooperation and understanding.


“I sincerely wish to thank my brother and colleague, President Cyril Ramaphosa, for honouring my invitation. I equally wish to thank members of the South African delegation and the experts that worked tirelessly during the Senior Officials Meeting.


“Today, has witnessed the signing of new Memoranda of Understanding between Nigeria and South Africa in diverse areas, including Youth Development, Women and Child Empowerment and Political Consultations; critical areas that will lead to increased people to people contact.


“Also, existing MOUs signed during previous Bi-National Commission meetings were also reviewed. These include MOUs on military cooperation, power, cooperation in the fields of geology, mining, and mineral processing, oil and gas and several others.


“Today, we also jointly launched the Nigeria-South Africa Youth Dialogue, another veritable tool for interaction among our youth with the aim of creating shared values and aspiration. Many of our youth from Nigeria and South Africa joined us virtually during the launch.”


Ramaphosa described the travel ban imposed on his country and some of its neighbours by some Western countries as discriminatory, arbitrary, and unscientific.

The United States, United Kingdom, the European Union (EU), and Canada imposed travel bans on South Africa and some Southern African countries following the recent detection of the Omicron variant of COVID-19 by South African scientists.


Omicron has been classed as a “variance of concern”, as early evidence suggests that it has a higher re-infection risk.


But Ramaphosa said at the press conference that the decision to impose a ban on travels to and from his country and others would be counterproductive in the long run. He commended Nigeria and other African countries that had decided to express solidarity with South Africa and its neighbours by not shutting their doors against sister African nations over the new COVID-19 strain.


Ramaphosa said, “I think it is important that I emphasise this in the light of the discovery by South African scientists of the Omicron variant of the Coronavirus and subsequent imposition of extremely harsh and unfair travel restrictions on flights from and to South Africa as well as on a number of other African countries.


“President Buhari, the solidarity expressed by yourself and the government of Nigeria sends the strongest message. It says that as African countries, we are standing united against the imposition of arbitrary and discriminatory restrictions that are not only unscientific, but counterproductive in the long run.


“Indeed, the leaders of Cote d’Ivoire, where we are traveling to later today, as well as the leaders of Ghana and Senegal, have also expressed their dissatisfaction with the travel ban against South Africa and our sister countries in Southern Africa.


“This is a global pandemic. And overcoming it requires that we collaborate and work together as a collective. The resulting damage to this travel ban to the economies of the countries affected will be considerable and long lasting.


“So, I want to use this opportunity to once again call on the countries who have imposed this ban to reverse their decisions, whether they are in the northern, more developed economies or in other parts of our continent and elsewhere.”


Speaking on the agreements and memoranda signed between his country and Nigeria, Ramaphosa said, “We’ve just concluded a successful 10th session of the Nigeria-South Africa Bi-national Commission. President Buhari and I witnessed the signing of a number of agreements and memoranda of understanding to advance trade and investment, development, economic upliftment, as well as youth empowerment, among others.


“These new agreements between our two countries broaden the scope of our cooperation on issues of common interest and mutual benefits and we will continue to work together to ensure their implementation. At present, our countries have signed approximately 32 agreements and today we have added other agreements.

“They are an MOU in the field of youth development and agreement on audio visual cooperation, and a programme of cooperation on arts and culture. The youth development agreement will be key to improving people-to-people relations and capacitating the young people of our two countries in acceding to higher levels of development, as well as progress.


“South Africa, Nigeria both have rich cultural, vibrant arts and flourishing sports sectors, all of which will be greatly enriched through greater collaboration through the programme of cooperation between the two countries.


“The agreement on audio visual cooperation will be a boost to the film production industries in our respective countries and we, as South Africa, stands to benefit greatly from cooperation with the world-famous Nollywood that has really emerged very strongly here in Nigeria.”

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